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感应电机

概述
文件
工具与软件
解决方案
交流感应电动机通常用于工业应用,如用于驱动泵、鼓风机、压缩机和起重机。
这是最简单且最可靠的电机设计之一,其功率可以从几瓦到几千瓦不等。
我们提供实现高效率VFD电机控制所需的全部功率半导体器件,包括分立IGBT和功率MOSFET、电源模块和IPM、高压栅极驱动器、以及功能强大的STM32微控制器。

3相感应电机(ACIM)

三相感应电机是无刷电机。定子为铜绕组,转子是典型的铝质松鼠笼结构。典型的驱动器配置是一个三相桥(3个半桥),调制之后提供三路正弦波电压给定子。因为通常用于大功率应用,驱动部分可以由功率MOSFET或带有高压栅极驱动电路的IGBT组成,或者由集成了三个半桥和相关栅极驱动级的功率模块组成。磁场定向控制或标量(伏特/赫兹)控制算法是在控制逆变器的微控制器中实现的。
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Our products and solutions

We offer the entire range of power semiconductors and ICs, including discrete IGBTs and power MOSFETs as well as power modules and intelligent power modules (IPM), high-voltage gate drivers and powerful STM32 microcontrollers needed to implement high-efficiency variable-frequency drive (VFD) motor control. 

We have also developed a complete ecosystem with a range of evaluation boards, reference designs, firmware and development tools to help simplify and accelerate the design cycle.

Induction motors working principles

An induction motor uses an alternating current in a stator, or stationary winding, to induce a magnetic field in a metal cage or wire winding as the rotor. The interaction of the electric and magnetic fields drives the motor without any connections between the moving parts via a slip ring, making it highly reliable

Motor speed control 

The motor speed control depends on the speed of rotation of the magnetic field, which depends on the frequency of the AC current and number of poles. The rotating magnetic field from the AC current in the stator results in a flux induced in the rotor, and the interaction of the electric and magnetic fields creates the rotation. 

As the induced current in the rotor lags the flux current in the stator, the rotor will never reach the full rotating magnetic field speed, also called the synchronous speed

A single-phase, constant-frequency AC current is used to drive smaller loads in household appliances, with the frequency producing a fixed speed. 

Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are used more in fans, pumps and compressors to enable the motor speed control. A three-phase induction motor provides a smoother motion with more control and accuracy of positioning for the motor, and there are designs of motors with five or more poles. These polyphase designs give higher accuracy for positioning the motor, allowing more precise delivery of fluids through pumps or positioning of blades of all kinds, but require more complex control systems. These motor control systems are also evolving from simple scalar systems to various types of field-oriented control (FOC) or vector control algorithms.

Main types of induction motors

There are two main types of induction motor construction, one with a wound coil rotor and the other with a squirrel cage rotor. This squirrel cage rotor is a cylinder of steel laminations, with aluminum or copper conductors embedded in its surface where the magnetic field is induced. 

Both the wound coil and squirrel cage induction motors can be driven by a single- or three-phase AC current with a constant or variable frequency, giving a wide range of performance from small motors in the home to large industrial motors driving large pumps or compressors. This also leads to a wide range of control systems. 

invalid link: /en/applications/industrial-motor-control/single-phase-ac-motor.htmlsingle-phase induction motor needs a starter configuration to provide the starting torque while a 3-phase motor can be inherently self-starting as the different phases can be manipulated to start the rotor moving. Power factor control and direct torque control can help to boost the performance of a three-phase induction motor drive. 

Induction motors working principles

An induction motor uses an alternating current in a stator, or stationary winding, to induce a magnetic field in a metal cage or wire winding as the rotor. The interaction of the electric and magnetic fields drives the motor without any connections between the moving parts via a slip ring, making it highly reliable

Motor speed control 

The motor speed control depends on the speed of rotation of the magnetic field, which depends on the frequency of the AC current and number of poles. The rotating magnetic field from the AC current in the stator results in a flux induced in the rotor, and the interaction of the electric and magnetic fields creates the rotation. 

As the induced current in the rotor lags the flux current in the stator, the rotor will never reach the full rotating magnetic field speed, also called the synchronous speed

A single-phase, constant-frequency AC current is used to drive smaller loads in household appliances, with the frequency producing a fixed speed. 

Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are used more in fans, pumps and compressors to enable the motor speed control. A invalid link: /en/applications/industrial-motor-control/3-phase-induction-motor-acim.htmlthree-phase induction motor provides a smoother motion with more control and accuracy of positioning for the motor, and there are designs of motors with five or more poles. These polyphase designs give higher accuracy for positioning the motor, allowing more precise delivery of fluids through pumps or positioning of blades of all kinds, but require more complex control systems. These motor control systems are also evolving from simple scalar systems to various types of invalid link: /en/applications/industrial-motor-control/3-phase-field-oriented-control-foc.htmlfield-oriented control (FOC) or vector control algorithms.

Main types of induction motors

There are two main types of induction motor construction, one with a wound coil rotor and the other with a squirrel cage rotor. This squirrel cage rotor is a cylinder of steel laminations, with aluminum or copper conductors embedded in its surface where the magnetic field is induced. 

Both the wound coil and squirrel cage induction motors can be driven by a single- or three-phase AC current with a constant or variable frequency, giving a wide range of performance from small motors in the home to large industrial motors driving large pumps or compressors. This also leads to a wide range of control systems. 

A single-phase induction motor needs a starter configuration to provide the starting torque while a 3-phase motor can be inherently self-starting as the different phases can be manipulated to start the rotor moving. Power factor control and direct torque control can help to boost the performance of a three-phase induction motor drive.